Top Programming Languages

  Finished with your degree and still not getting job? This is the cry of more than half of the population of students specially engineers today & most amongst...
programming-languages

 

Finished with your degree and still not getting job?

This is the cry of more than half of the population of students specially engineers today & most amongst them will still blame it on system or state simply that there are not enough jobs available.

Here we would very likely try to eliminate your view if you are among these people.

It is not at all the case of unavailability of jobs but simply the unavailability of skills that has contributed in raising the unemployment graph.

Done with the lectures we will now start with what do the best and hat is to guide you towards the trending scenario in today’s market.

Today we have come up with top 6 programming languages that have revolutionized the technological sector.

But first we will gather some overview for these programming languages:

First thing first to be a good programmer, the most important thing is to get out there and write programs.

In case you are in college then you can contribute to multiple projects &then you may have a chance to experience multiple languages and coding styles. But one thing must be kept in mind that no matter what you shouldn’t stop writing codes even though they are smaller codes you simply can’t leave doing it.

The second thing, after practice, is that it helps to learn to program in a language that lets you focus on the core tasks of programming rather than distracting you with unnecessary details.

The third important thing to keep in mind while learning programming codes is to program according to your needs and requirements let’s consider an example If you have full ideation of your project & want the fastest code possible, and do not care about optimizing development time, then assembly is the best.

If you want function abstraction and named variables with your assembly, use C and accept a small runtime vs. development time trade off.

If you want object abstraction, use C++ and accept a larger runtime vs. development time trade off.
If you want a language with an easy learning curve and great libraries, use Python or you are doing web programming, you should probably use something like Python for your backend language.

Done with the briefs of what & which language to go to for your specific needs now we must get to have a closer view at these languages as well

So let’s get set going

1. Hadoop

 

Hadoop  is an open-source software framework for distributed storage and distributed processing of very large data sets on computer clusters built from commodity hardware.

All the modules in Hadoop are designed with a fundamental assumption that hardware failures are common and should be automatically handled by the framework.

By default Hadoop uses FIFO scheduling, and optionally 5 scheduling priorities to schedule jobs from a work queue.

Hadoop, the open source has dramatically lowered the cost barriers to processing and analysing big data. Technical barriers remain, however, since Hadoop applications and technologies are highly complex and still foreign to most developers and data analysts.

A number of companies offer commercial implementations or support for Hadoop.

Despite the fact that, most of the data in the health care sector is stored in printed form, the recent trend is moving towards rapid digitization of this data.

Big hadoop in healthcare industry promises to support a diverse range of healthcare data management functions such as population health management, clinical decision support and disease surveillance.

The Healthcare industry is still in the early stages of getting its feet wet in the large scale integration and analysis of big hadoop.

  • Parallel Data Processing that is unconstrained.
  • Provide storage for billions and trillions of unstructured data sets.
  • Fault tolerance along with high availability of the system.

 

 

 

  1. Java

 

Now you will definitely be surprised to find java at number 2 for top programming languages but there is no need to be surprised at all.

Java is a simple and yet powerful object oriented programming language and it is in many respects similar to C++.

The tech community recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Java. It’s one of the most widely adopted programming languages, used by some 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide.

It’s also the programming language used to develop all native Android apps.

Java’s popularity with developers is due to the fact that the language is grounded in readability and simplicity & also has long-term compatibility, which makes sure older applications continue to work now into the future.

Java is a mature language and has been around a long time (for computer years).

Java was designed with a concept of ‘write once and run everywhere’. Java Virtual Machine plays the central role in this concept. The JVM is the environment in which Java programs execute. It is software that is implemented on top of real hardware and operating system. When the source code (.java files) is compiled, it is translated into byte codes and then placed into (.class) files.

  • Reusability of Code
  • Emphasis on data rather than procedure
  • Data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external functions
  • Objects can communicate with each other through functions
  • New data and functions can be easily added
  1. C#

C# isa multiple paradigm programming language developed by Microsoft to compete with Java. A hybrid of C and C++, it is designed to help improve productivity of web and development.

Using C# you can do things like make software, write Windows applications, program games, write native mobile apps — all with native API calls and native platform controls.

C# is convenient because it is part of the “common language infrastructure”, meaning it can be used across multiple computer platforms and doesn’t need to be rewritten. The language’s diversity and flexibility make it a go-to for many programmers focused on Windows-based environments.

Web and mobile developers, especially developing business applications targeting a Windows environment

  • Unlike C or C++, in Java and C# there are no header files. All code is scoped to packages
  • There is no problem in declaring one class before another with circular dependencies.
  • Objects must be allocated on the heap with the use of the new keyword.
  • Both support concurrency through thread support by putting a lock on objects when entering code marked as locked / synchronized.
  • Both have single inheritance and support for interfaces.
  • There are no global functions or constants, everything belongs to a class.
  • There are built-in bounds checking of Arrays and strings.
  • All values must be initialized before use.
  • Integers cannot be used as Boolean.
  • In both languages try blocks can have a finally clause.

 

 

  1. C++

C++ is a general purpose object-oriented programming language based on the earlier ‘C’ language. It is used to define a series of operations that a computer can perform to accomplish a task.

C++ can be used to manipulate numbers and text. It’s great at pulling and inputting data into databases, displaying graphics, analysing data, and controlling PC connected devices.

C++ has been around since 1979 and it’s a go-to for reliability and performance.

It’s typically found in your “hard-core” applications, or those requiring performance, like Adobe, Microsoft, portions of Mac OS/X, and even gaming site Twitch.

  • C++ is truly cross-platform from Windows to Linux to UNIX and mobile devices. The entire AAA games industry depends on C++.
  • C++ is used by hundreds of thousands of programmers in essentially every application domain.
  • C++ is being highly used to write device drivers and other software that rely on direct manipulation of hardware under real-time constraints.
  • C++ is widely used for teaching and research because it is clean enough for successful teaching of basic concepts.
  • C++ is used today in any field that requires performance, like gaming for instance.
  • C++ is also very reliable and is the prime choice for embedded systems, which must be reliable to work and not cause exceptions.

 

 

  1. Python

Python is a general purpose programming language that is simple and incredibly readable since closely resembles the English language.

It’s a great language for beginners, all the way up to seasoned professionals.

Python is basically an object-oriented programming language that is known for its clear syntax and readability.

Python can be used to program web and desktop applications. It is also heavily used in the sciences to analyse data.

It is a very consistent language and works extremely well right out of the box. Python can complete the same tasks in fewer lines of code and it feels more intuitive and natural. This convenience and ease of use have made Python a popular language all around.

  • Python provides portability options & it actually runs everywhere.
  • It is well known for its ease of use as well as its ability to integrate.
  • Scriptability is another varied characteristic of python that allows its users to compile their own business modules.
  • It provides support for selective optimization.
  1. PHP

PHP is a scripting language that helps people make web pages more interactive, by allowing them to do more things.

Its structure was influenced by many languages like CPerlJavaC++, and even Python. It is considered to be free software by theFree Software Foundation.

One of the strongest and most significant is feature of PHP is its wide range of database.

  • The most significant feature of PHP is its ease of use and if you want to build your own shopping cart application, you can either code the entire application from scratch or implement a PHP framework.In simple PHP provides you with a platform for easy business expansion mechanism.
  • Whether your website is about business, entertainment, or products and services, internet users need to feel connected to the product or message and PHP basically provides you with a platform to get connected to user. Let’s say if you develop web applications, a forum where your customers can ask questions about the product the PHP basically generates that platform.
  • ThePDF format is Adobe’s proprietary file type for document exchange. Using a library called PDF Library; you can generate PDF files with PHP.
  • Using the GD library with PHP, you can do more than just output HTML to the browser! You can output images in different file types including jpeg, png, and gif.

I hope this article was of use to you to get clear ideas about the programming languages in trend.

 

 

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